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Hugh Aston: Three Marian Antiphons

Music from the Peterhouse Partbooks, Vol. 1

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Hugh Aston (c.1485-1558): Three Marian Antiphons
Robert Jones (fl. c.1520-1535): Magnificat
John Mason (c.1480-1548): Quales sumus O miseri

Restored by Nick Sandon

Blue Heron’s second CD presents superb music by three English composers of the early 16th century: Hugh Aston, Robert Jones, and John Mason. Although their music is gorgeous and of superlative quality, Aston, Jones, and Mason are virtually unknown to performers and scholars today, for the primary extant source of the music—in the case of Robert Jones’s, the sole extant source—is now incomplete through the loss of one partbook and a portion of another, out of an original set of five. The set, known as the Peterhouse partbooks for its present location in the library of Peterhouse Cambridge, was copied in 1540 for Canterbury Cathedral and is the largest and most important source of English music surviving from the period just before the Reformation; it contains over seventy works, fifty of which are unique to Peterhouse. Blue Heron’s recording uses brilliantly idiomatic reconstructions by Nick Sandon, a British musicologist now living in France, who has devoted his career to the music of the Peterhouse partbooks.

This is the first disc in a projected series of recordings of music from the Peterhouse partbooks and includes world premiere recordings of three works and the first of another in the form recorded here.

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BHCD 1002

Release Date: March 2010

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Track List

1  Ave Maria dive matris Anne – Hugh Aston (11:17)

2  Magnificat – Robert Jones (13:38)

3  Gaude virgo matris Christi – Aston (12:02)

4  Quales sumus O miseri – John Mason (12:13)

5  Ave Maria ancilla trinitatis – Aston (14:36)

Total time: 63:48


Karen Cook, Early Music America | Spring 2011
…simply gorgeous. … Each selection is a gem … a splendid addition to anyone’s collection.

Alex Ross, The New Yorker | January 2011
Among recent CDs in the polyphonic field, a recording by the Boston ensemble Blue Heron stands out, and not only because of the group’s pleasingly quirky name. The director of Blue Heron is Scott Metcalfe… His aim is to bring expressive intensity, even a hint of Baroque flair, to the earlier repertory…

The new Blue Heron disk…gathers five-part religious pieces by English composers of the early Tudor period: Robert Jones, John Mason, and, most significant, Hugh Aston… Only ten pieces by Aston survive, but they reveal a composer with a knack for generating brilliant climaxes from simple material. …

Of course, my sense of Aston’s voice owes much to Blue Heron’s imaginative realization of his scores. Through an array of interpretive choices—fine gradations of dynamics; pungent diction; telling contrasts of ethereal and earthly timbres; tempos that are more lusty than languid; a way of propelling a phrase toward a goal—the music takes on narrative momentum, its moods dovetailing with the theme of the text. Listen to the brazen, almost raucous tone of the sopranos as they arrive, in “Ave Maria dive matris Anne,” at the self-reflexive phrase “psallentes et omnes hoc Ave Maria”—”and all singing this Hail Mary.” Or to the joyous thrust of the basses in the Amen coda of Aston’s “Gaude virgo mater Christi,” as they repeat a phrase in which one interval keeps widening, from a third to a fourth and, finally, to a fifth. …

The seemingly serene music of Renaissance church ritual did not stem from yoga-like spells of meditation. Instead, as Andrew Kirkwood observes, it communicated a desperate plea for mercy—in particular, “the desire to shorten the time in purgatory that, short of sainthood and immediate passage to paradise, would follow earthly life.” … It is good to feel a hint of turbulence, of mortal fear, in performances such as Blue Heron’s…; with that quiver of passion, the music inspires even greater awe.

Alex Ross, The New Yorker Online | December 8, 2010
A “notable recording of 2010” (“2010: The Most Memorable Moments in Music”)

J.F. Weber, Fanfare | September/October 2010
[Blue Heron’s] first recording, a fine survey of Dufay’s shorter works…was such a revelation that it is no surprise to hear the splendid performances of a later repertoire on the present disc. … The group compares very favorably with the three different English ensembles that have recorded one or another of these pieces. … This is a remarkable disc, auguring well for Scott Metcalfe’s next venture.

Ardella Crawford, American Record Guide | Sept.-Oct. 2010
Here is a very fine collection of pre-Reformation music of the English church…all sung with perfection by Blue Heron, an American choir specializing in 15th-century English and Franco-Flemish polyphony.

Rick Anderson, Music Media Monthly | June 2010
It would be impossible to overstate the luscious beauty of this recording, and its deep musical and historical significance is beyond argument. The sound quality is warm, rich and inviting. At the risk of unseemly gushing, I simply have to rate this disc as utterly essential in every way.

D. James Ross, Early Music Review (UK) | June 2010
…the American ensemble Blue Heron [has] a fine sense of the idiom of this distinctive music, and their performances are rich, muscular and expressive…the singing and interpretations are impeccable.